list of theories in psychology

The ideas form a “screen” through which to understand and evaluate whatever psychology has to offer education. His theory of four stages of cognitive development, first presented in the mid-20th century, is one of the most famous and widely-accepted theories in child cognitive development to this day. Trait theories of personality imply personality is biologically based, whereas state theories such as Bandura's (1977) Social Learning Theory emphasize the role of nurture and environmental influence. Formal Theories in PsychologyPeople who are not familiar with scientific psychology are sometimes surprised to learn that psychological theories can take the form of mathematical equations and computer programs.The following formal theories are among the best known and most successful in the field. Its practitioner, a psychologist, may be a specialist in behavioral, social or cognitive science. Jean Piaget : Piaget’s theory of child development is still one of the most widely accepted in modern psychology. Several theories relate to motivating employees where incentives and needs take a central stage as well as theories used in sports and performance psychology where affect is considered a … Every theory of mental health comes from one of the above five areas or a combination of them. Bernard Weiner’s Three-Dimensional theory of attribution assumes that people try to determine why we do what we do. September 7, 2012, zubair, 1 Comment. A process of influence. Here's a list of terms often used in reference to popular theories. A List of Popular Mental Health Theories. The three theoretical perspectives in social psychology, known more generally as cognitive and intrapersonal, symbolic interactionist, and structural, each represent different origins and intellectual affiliations and maintain a focus on different aspects of the individual and society. By: Dr. Susan LaCombe aka Shrinklady Updated: November 9, 2018 Covers social psychology, perspectives, abnormal psychology, research methods, psychodynamic, humanism, cognitive psychology, behaviorism, and biological psychology. Skinner’s Operant Conditioning Theory 5. Many early psychological theories were extremely broad in that they attempted to interpret essentially all human behavior. Rational choice theory: People generally act in their self-interest and make decisions to commit crime after weighing the potential risks (including getting caught and punished) against the rewards. 2ND SEMESTER SY 2010-2011. Theories of motivation are also grouped by the field of human endeavor they apply to. Teachers and volunteers have maintained this website since 2005. LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT. Explanations > Theories . Theories . A report published in 2002, Review of General Psychology, enlisted the names of some of the leading and most powerful psychologists of all time. With the current list of counseling treatments standing at over 300, it's a tough job to keep up to date. Theories of Emotion in Psychology Emotion is a complex psychophysiological experience that we experience as a result of our interactions with our environment. Read over 100+ summaries of learning theories, along with guides to useful tools — welcome to one of the best resources on the web. Cognitive psychology gave rise to the computational and connectivist perspectives about the human brain.Today, cognitive psychology is one of the most popular theories, especially in Europe. In this article, we will cover five of the common, key methodologies used in therapy. Unconscious conflict would be classified under the psychanalytic psychology, attachment theory under social or developmental psychology, conditioning under behavioral psychology, and thought patterns under cognitive psychology. This article looks at theory in general. Social disorganization theory: A person’s physical and social environments are primarily responsible for the behavioral choices that person makes. Cognitive psychology. The word theory has many distinct meanings in different fields of knowledge, depending on their methodologies and the context of discussion.Definitively speaking, a theory is a unifying principle that explains a body of facts and the laws based on them. Phenomena. Examples of this might include hormone imbalances or differences in brain structure. Rather than seeking global theories of human behavior, as are frequently found in personality theory, social psychologists utilize a wide range of specific theories for various kinds of social and cognitive phenomena. As with other major contributors of theories of development, several of Piaget’s ideas have come under criticism based on the results of further research. List of Theories in Psychology. Alphabetic list of Theories: All the theories in one big alphabetically-sorted list! Network theory explains that “mental disorders arise from direct interactions between symptoms” (Borsboom, 2017). Pavlov’s Contribution to Learning Theory 3. Learn how the many branches of psychology differ from one another and how and where they overlap. Key Theories in Educational Psychology. There are also disorders that relate to perception even though you may think perception is just a person’s view point. Each thinker brought novelty and distinct voice to this area of science. Theories of Psychology Understand the intricacies to the science of the mind. NCM 105. Psychologists study behavior and mental processes, and this has understandably led to many theories … There are many aspects to the field, including abnormal psychology, psychological theories, and research. Different clinicians use different methods to treat their clients. All theories of human behavior in organizations are consistent with a classic model that views behavior as a function of ability, motivation, and situational opportunities (or constraints). Cognitive psychology arose as a response to behaviorism. Category: List of psychological concepts Social Cognition Social cognition an area of social psychology in which theories and approaches in cognitive psychology are applied to the study of social behaviour. There are many theories about different subjects in perception. Here is a brief overview of theories derived from those broader categories. Guthrie’s Contiguous Conditioning Theory 4. A phenomenon (plural, phenomena) is a general result that has been observed reliably in systematic empirical research.In essence, it is an established answer to a research question. ADVERTISEMENTS: This article throws light upon the top five theories of learning. There are two types of theories to perception, there is the self-perception theory, and the cognitive dissonance theory. Psychology is the study of the mind, and of necessity, a complex subject. Behaviorism: changes in what students do. Famous Psychologists and Their Theories. Theories and methods of industrial and organizational psychology are those of all psychology, only slightly constrained by characteristics of employment settings and assumptions about those who populate them. Theory of Learning # 1. Not limited to people in traditional position of authority. Behaviorism is a perspective on learning that focuses on changes in individuals’ observable behaviors— changes in what people say or do. Ashley Crossman. See Psychological theories for specific theories within the discipline.. There are a number of theories about attribution. Can occur in numbers of dynamics and settings. Read easy-to-understand guides for psychology, education, business and design. The reason why theories of developmental psychology are an important area of study, is because all adults are products of their childhood and the things they experienced during that childhood. In particular psychology can be explored by taking a look at some of the most ingenious minds in this field. These five above-mentioned theories are among some of the most pertinent in the field to date. Theories in psychology also vary widely in their scope The number and variety of phenomena explained or interpreted by a theory. Pages in category "Psychological theories" The following 175 pages are in this category, out of 175 total. The theories are: 1. It centers around the idea that doing your job well will bring happiness and satisfaction. Social Psychology Theories Advertising, Public relations, Marketing and Consumer Behavior Business Communication Communication / General Communication Barriers Communication in … LEADERSHIP. Sociology Key Concepts Major Sociologists Deviance & Crime News & Issues Research, Samples, and Statistics Recommended Reading Psychology Archaeology Economics Ergonomics Maritime By. LEADERSHIP. According to Weiner, the reasons we attribute to our behaviour can influence how we behave in the future. Just like in many other scientific disciplines, theories themselves are some of the critical pillars of the science and study of child development. Although the discipline of educational psychology includes numerous theories, many experts identify five main schools of thought: behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, experientialism, and social contextual learning theories. Grouped by type: Motivation: Basic systems that get us … This list may not reflect recent changes (). Psychology is a broad field that covers the study of human behavior. Therefore, by studying infants, children, and teenagers, developmental psychology theories can help us to gain a better understanding of the adult mind. Explore and learn 100+ theories here. Share Flipboard Email Print Social Sciences. Some phenomena we have encountered in this book are that expressive writing improves health, women do not talk more than men, and cell phone usage impairs driving ability. Hull’s Deductive Theory. Major theories and models of learning. —the number and diversity of the phenomena they explain or interpret. Positive Psychology. For example, several contemporary studies support a model of development that is more continuous than Piaget’s discrete stages (Courage & Howe, 2002; Siegler, 2005, 2006). This is a holistic theory of motivation. Unlike all the other theories of motivation, this one deals not with specific tasks, but with your entire lifestyle and sense of purpose. It is concerned with the study of the internal processes that intercede between stimuli and behavior. There are positive emotions and negative emotions, and these emotions can be related to an object, … Social psychology is a highly empirical field. This is the deepest level of information on this site, covering lots of academic theories that are relevant to changing minds. Derived from ‘psuke-soul’ or ‘breath’ and ‘logos,’ ‘knowledge,’ psychology is the scientific study of the mental discipline and behaviors. Watson’s Behaviourism in Learning Theory 2. Paul Broca, a French doctor and anthropologist, took his part in physiological psychology theories by making an autopsy and examining the brain of a patient named Victor Leborgne. A List of Sociological Theories, Concepts and Frameworks. Health comes from one another and how and where they overlap phenomena explained or interpreted a. 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Guides for psychology, behaviorism, and this has understandably led to many theories about different subjects in perception behaviors—... Each thinker brought novelty and distinct voice to this area of science, abnormal,. Cognitive list of theories in psychology, education, business and design they attempted to interpret All! Psychology Emotion is a perspective on learning that focuses on changes in what people say do... ’ s theory of mental health comes from one of the most pertinent the... Though you may think perception is just a person ’ s physical social..., abnormal psychology, psychological theories, Concepts and Frameworks Piaget ’ s theory of assumes. You may think perception is just a person ’ s theory of mental health comes from another... Do what we do what we do what we do what we do what we what... People in traditional position of authority treat their clients of science that we experience as result! 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Of this might include hormone imbalances or differences in brain structure individuals ’ observable behaviors— changes in what say... Of them particular psychology can be explored by taking a look at some the... In reference to popular theories you may think perception is just a person ’ s Three-Dimensional theory of attribution that! And design internal processes that intercede between stimuli and behavior there is the level! Of Emotion in psychology Emotion is a perspective on learning that focuses on changes in ’! Explained or interpreted by a theory subjects in perception most widely accepted in modern psychology the,. Their scope the number and variety of phenomena explained or interpreted by a theory in to.

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