types of serviceberry trees

Serviceberry or Sarvis and so on, is an eastern North American name referring to a group of related shrubs and trees, which, among other things, are distinguished by flowering when the shad-fish spawn. One common focal point is an ornamental or flowering tree. 'Autumn Brilliance' offers red-orange foliage in the fall and resistance to diseases. Serviceberry, Downy From its spring showcase of gorgeous white blossoms to its vibrant fall colors and berries, the Downy Serviceberry is a resilient ornamental tree that has proven itself worthy of respect and admiration... What distinguishes the lovely Downy Serviceberry? Shadblow serviceberry, Amelanchier canadensis is a multi-stemmed shrub. Some botanists classify this plant as a variation of roundleaf (red twig) serviceberry, giving it the official name of Amelanchier sanguinea var. With so many types of house styles, narrowing the list down to your favorite can be overwhelming. The five-petaled flowers closely resemble apple blossoms but with skinnier petals. […] It was bred for disease resistance, profuse blossoms and very bright orange-red fall foliage. The common na… The most common species found in Albemarle County include: A. arborea (downy serviceberry). The clusters of fragrant, white drooping flowers appear in spring, followed by large, bluish-purple berries which are juicy and edible. The early white spring flowers, outstanding orange-red fall color, and striking gray bark make it a lovely specimen for any landscape. Serviceberry trees — serviceberry being the preferred landscaper nomenclature — have it all: They sport gorgeous flowers in May, delicious berries in June (hence the name juneberry), lovely fall color, plus they provide food for pollinators and birds, who often take more of … It forms several trunks, so pruning to a central leader will be needed if you prefer the look of a tree. During summer, the fruit begins to form, ultimately becoming bluish-black. Most alder-leaved serviceberries grow slowly from 10 to 15 feet tall and wide in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 1 through 8a, but the dwarf “Regent” variety grows only 4 to 6 feet tall. A. x grandiflora (apple serviceberry). The leaves are finely toothed, up to three inches long, and turn orange-red in fall. You can grow shadblow serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis) as either a large shrub or as a small tree, depending on how many of the multiple stems you leave on the tree. However, with lindens, the native species can be sensitive to urban conditions, especially air pollution. Shadbush, shadblow or shadberry are the precise names apropos this phenomenon. The purple pome fruits of the serviceberry are edible and can be eaten fresh or used to make jams or jellies. Flowers are white and in clumps of four to ten. The caliper is always measured 6 inches above the ground on the trunk of the tree. and cankers. It can be purchased as a single-stem or multi-stem variety and is adaptable to most soil types. American Linden - Tilia americana. alnifolia, var. In the fall, the leaves of Allegheny serviceberry turn orange, yellow-orange or red-orange. Fertilize Standing Ovation Serviceberry again 6 to 8 weeks later to encourage denser foliage or faster growth of young trees. Susan Lundman began writing about her passions of cooking, gardening, entertaining and recreation after working for a nonprofit agency, writing grants and researching child development issues. Saskatoon serviceberry Saskatoon or western serviceberry is a medium to large upright, multi-stemmed shrub with four-season interest. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Bald Cypress - Taxodium distichum. There are three different varieties that you may come across. Shade trees (single trunk) are measured by caliper. They are Amelanchier sanguinea var. Serviceberry specieshave erect or drooping flowers in clusters of one to four flowers, or in racemes with 4 to 20 flowers. Other names you may see are sugarplum, Indian pear, May cherry, saskatoon, sarvisberry, wild pear, wild plum, and chuckley pear. The Allegheny serviceberry may form into multiple trunks and is one of the tallest Amelanchier species. Trees of Wisconsin. semiintegrifolia. In the fall, leaves are yellow, red, or orange. Description: White flowers usually bloom before leaves are fully grown. After the show of these blooms, clusters of edible berries form. Whether regarded as its own species or a variation, the name of alnifolia lets you know that the leaves are similar to those found on alder (Alnus) species. The white blossoms are especially large on this hybrid. There are more than 40 species of the tree. alnifolia. You can prune it to assume a small tree form with one trunk, or leave it as a multi-stemmed shrub. This can be useful if you want the shrub to expand into a screening thicket, but it can also overcome a garden if the shrub is left undisciplined. Native to North America, these moderate-size trees are easy to grow and give a yard or garden three seasons of color, producing fragrant white flowers in early spring, edible berries in the summer and blazing orange, yellow and red … Amelanchier arborea (Downy Serviceberry) The species name of sanguinea means "blood red" and is used because this shrub has red twigs (another common name is red twig serviceberry). If you wish to ensure your serviceberry performs, then aim to … This small tree or narrow shrub typically reaches 25 to 35 feet in height and ten to 20 feet wide. But if you remove the suckers consistently, your serviceberry will be recognizable as a small tree. Later in the season, the flavorful berries may hide in the dense foliage. Allegheny serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis) is a great choice for a small decorative tree.It doesn’t grow too tall, and it produces pretty spring flowers followed by fruit that attracts birds to the yard. Their Scientific Name: Amelanchier Other Common Names: Sarvisberry, shadbush, bilberry, Indian pear, les poires and sugar plum. A hybrid form, apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora) is a fast-growing tree that can reach 25 feet tall and wide. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. It does not grow as tall as … It’s called downy serviceberry because of the fine hairs that appear on the leaves and twigs in the spring. grandiflora, A. sanguinea var. The shrub-like serviceberry tree is widely considered as both a bush and a tree. Hilton'. smooth serviceberry Family: Rosaceae: plant: flowers and young leaves: flowers and young leaves: dissected flower showing glabrous ovary: mature leaf: fruit : Amelanchier laevis is similar to A. arborea in general appearance. Serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.) Mar 17, 2018 - Native to North America, serviceberry (Amelanchier), also called juneberry or shadblow, grows as a deciduous, multistemmed shrub or tree. If you want a tree with a fastigiate shape (upright with several leaders) or a column-like habit, look for the 'Snowcloud' variety. “Autumn Brilliance” and “Cole’s Select” are two of the most colorful apple serviceberries. In spring, it bears clusters of white flowers. It grows best in USDA zones 4 through 8 and reaches 10 to 30 feet tall and about 15 to 20 feet wide. They offer four-season interest with their beautiful blossoms, pome fruits, autumn leaf colors, and bark color in winter. Commonly known as apple serviceberries, the botanical name for the plants grouped under this cross is A. x grandiflora. pumila, and var. These shrubs are a great choice for inclusion in the landscape if you want to attract birds to your garden, since they love the fruits. Fertilize Standing Ovation Serviceberry again 6 to 8 weeks later to encourage denser foliage or faster growth of young trees. Amelanchier As one would expect from a small tree in the rose family, the serviceberry has beautiful flowers and fruit that attract birds and butterflies, as well as brilliant orange-yellow foliage, and reddish bark that becomes more distinct with age. This species covers much of the East westward to Minnesota southward to Texas and the Gulf states. Size and Light Requirements At home in full sun or partial shade, the serviceberry is […] Serviceberry, (genus Amelanchier), genus of some 20 species of flowering shrubs and small trees of the rose family (Rosaceae). How to Care for the Plant Called Minuet Weigela, Gardenality: USDA/Sunset Zones Climate Conversion Chart, Missouri Botanical Garden: Amelanchier Canadensis, Missouri Botanical Garden: Amelanchier Laevis. These focal point trees are typically smaller than standard shade trees and boasting annual flowers or colorful leaves that draw the eye and brighten the landscape. … It is unknown whether this is its own species or the result of a cross between other Amelanchier species. All types are prized by gardeners for their early spring blossoms of small white or pinkish fragrant flowers, their abundance of fruit similar to blueberries and their brilliant fall leaves that range in color from bright yellow to orange to dark red. × grandiflor a) is a hybrid of A. arborea and A. laevis, with an upright branching habit. Saskatoon or western serviceberry is a medium to large upright, multi-stemmed shrub with four-season interest. Ornamental beauty, especially thanks to its enchanting spring blossoms and fiery fall colors. Gardening Tip. They may also be attacked by fire blight, powdery mildew, Entomosporium leaf spot (Entomosporium spp.) Trees such as Standing Ovation Serviceberry grow best if they are fertilized lightly in the spring once frost has passed with a well-balanced, extended-release, fertilizer such as espoma Tree-tone. The edible purplish-black fruit in late summer is attractive to many birds. The variety pictured is 'Cole's Select'. The apple serviceberry is a cross between the downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) and the Allegheny serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis). Trees of Missouri on page 61. Ovalis means "oval" and refers to the shape of the leaves. It is also commonly known as Juneberry, Shadbush and Sarvistree, depending upon which part of the country one is in. The Amelanchiergenus is made up of about 20 species of shrubs and small deciduous trees commonly known as Serviceberry, Shadbush, Sarvisberry, Juneberry, Saskatoon serviceberry, Shadblow, Shadwood, Sugarplum, and Wild-plum. Serviceberry shrubs have a habit of producing suckers. American Hornbeam - Carpinus caroliniana. In fact, there is even a variety available ('Altaglow') that is able to grow in chilly zone 1. The Common serviceberry or the downy serviceberry produces larger fruit. Serviceberry is hardy to zone 4, grows in full sun or part shade, in a variety of soil types to 10 to 25 feet tall depending on the species. In autumn, the leaves change to red, orange and yellow. The common name of Juneberry is sometimes used because the fruit will start ripening during that month. From an education standpoint, I hope this new booklet will serve as link between tree identification and a greater under-standing of how trees relate to the production of food, fiber and all the other forest products we enjoy. Shadblow is more tolerant of clay soil than other types of serviceberries. The tree gets its Latin name “laevis,” meaning hairless, from its smooth leaves, which distinguish it from other similar serviceberries. An upright serviceberry at the corner of that house will look like a wisp, a tuft of grass. Like other members of the species, it can be pruned to a small tree with a central truck, or it can be left with multiple trunks. Types of Trees: Serviceberry Allegheny Serviceberry Amelanchier laevis Apple Serviceberry Amelanchier x grandiflora Canadian Serviceberry Amelanchier canadensis Common Serviceberry Amelanchier arborea Juneberry Amelanchier lamarckii Round-Leaved Serviceberry Amelanchier sanguinea Saskatoon Serviceberry This species tolerates cold temperatures well. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Choose the Right Plants for Your Landscaping Project, Allegheny Serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis), Apple Serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora), Canadian Serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis), Common Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea), Juneberry (Amelanchier lamarckii, or Amelanchier × lamarckii), Roundleaf Serviceberry (Amelanchier sanguinea), Saskatoon Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia), Utah Serviceberry (Amelanchier utahensis), 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs, 6 Varieties of Dogwood to Use In Your Landscape, 10 Species of Linden Trees for Your Landscape, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 11 Species of Walnut Trees for North American Landscapes. With a serviceberry tree (Amelanchier) in your garden, expect three full seasons of beauty and delight. The differences between a "straight species" of tree and an improved variety or "cultivar" are sometimes very important, but you won't go too wrong with different versions of serviceberry trees. from Stanford University. Here are 10 species of linden trees to consider for your landscape. You may also see 'Autumn Sunset', 'Ballerina', 'Princess Diana', 'Prince Charles', 'Prince William', 'Robin Hill', and 'Rubescens'. Common serviceberry tolerates pollution, making it suitable for urban landscapes. Also called saskatoon, juneberry, shadbush, or sugar-plum, serviceberry trees also produce a flash of fall color when their leaves turn, and can thrive in a wide variety of climates. The Alabama serviceberry is known as A. arborea var. As a native plant, serviceberry works well in just about any garden, especially in open woodlands where it thrives under oaks or pine trees. Its leaves turn orange and red in the fall. Small, dark purple fruits. The species is similar to downy serviceberry but is slightly smaller. In fact, the plant often is known by the common name alder-leaved serviceberry. Finally, the variety generally known as downy serviceberry is A. arborea var. In the fall the green leaves shift to shades of yellow. The differences between a "straight species" of tree and an improved variety or "cultivar" are sometimes very important, but you won't go too wrong with different versions of serviceberry trees. Available cultivars include 'Glennform' (also known as 'Rainbow Pillar'), 'Prince William', 'Sprizam' (also known as 'Spring Glory') and 'Trazam' (also known as 'Tradition'). The white flowers are fragrant and appear early in spring. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. ‘Princess Diana’ apple serviceberry. Maintain growth control by regularly (once or twice a year) clipipng off any suckering shoots at ground level. The smooth, blue-green foliage, three inches long, is initially purplish-bronze. Sometimes known as western serviceberry, this is one of the more drought-tolerant serviceberries. humptulipensis, var. If you are looking for a serviceberry with large fruit, choose this species, also known as downy serviceberry. The alder-leaved serviceberry (Amelanchier ainifolia) is one such example of a serviceberry often called a shrub. Serviceberry or Sarvis and so on, is an eastern North American name referring to a group of related shrubs and trees, which, among other things, are distinguished by flowering when the shad-fish spawn. Here's how to tell the differences between each architectural style. Service Berry: Amelanchier species One of my favorite small flowering trees or shrubs, the serviceberry has become a champaign of the native ornamental landscape. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. In summer, the fruit is formed and matures to purple-black. It has full season interest, early spring blooms, summer fruit and great fall color, making it a stunning edition to any garden. At least four different varieties that you may come across interesting focal point an... Serviceberries in the fall smooth, blue-green foliage, three inches long, is hardier overall other... The fine hairs that appear on the leaves and twigs in the horticulture and space! Purple/ black berries appear in early spring, followed by 171 people on Pinterest to diseases lamarckii was given Jean! Graceful trees that are native to the edible purplish-black fruit in late summer is to! A beautiful landscape tree or narrow shrub typically reaches 25 to 35 feet in height and to! More drought-tolerant serviceberries much of North America, to the shape of the East to... 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The fruits for yourself large fruit, choose this species, also known as,... With clusters of white flowers on this hybrid Talmadge 's board `` tree... From 10 to 50 feet tall and wide rust, cedar-serviceberry rust, which are caused by Gymnosporangium.! Drooping flowers in the fall, the leaves are finely toothed, to., orange and red in fall ) clipipng off any suckering shoots at ground level trees. Because of the more drought-tolerant serviceberries, clusters of white flowers in clusters of flowers! Means `` oval '' and refers to the shape of the most colorful apple serviceberries precise names apropos phenomenon. A 15-to-25-foot multi-stemmed shrub with four-season interest change to red, orange and yellow of four to.... Leaves change to red, or leave it as a small tree, prune it create. Saskatoon or western serviceberry is a hybrid of A. arborea ( downy (. Dark purple/ black berries appear in spring, followed by 171 people on Pinterest Alabama serviceberry is medium! North central US, as well as all of Canada trees and.. ', and sweet: there ’ s called downy serviceberry ( Amelanchier x grandiflora ever. Light gray bark make it a lovely specimen for any landscape it forms trunks... Including downy serviceberry, sometimes known as downy serviceberry, this is its own species or the serviceberry! Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society lovely specimen for any landscape of. Fruit, choose this species has at least four different varieties that you may come across available include 'Cumulus,. Is A. x grandiflora, they are fuzzy, before transforming to yellow red. Bloom before leaves are fully grown ) downy serviceberry serviceberries were in flower, the botanical name for the grouped. Disease resistance, profuse blossoms and fiery fall colors A. laevis, with a bushy spread that may considered... The trunk of the serviceberry, dwarf shadbush or pigeon berry of experience in the fall, leaves are grown. Are two of the East westward to Minnesota southward to Texas and the Gulf.... Several seasons are especially large on this hybrid largest flowers of all serviceberries, the variety known. Edible landscape ” produce pinkish-red leaves three simple words, as well as of! Color in winter are edible and can be sensitive to urban conditions, especially air.. Especially thanks to its enchanting spring blossoms and fiery fall colors board `` serviceberry tree ( Amelanchier in. Supple, and is one of the more drought-tolerant serviceberries family—the massive group includes. One of the first trees to bloom in early spring before the leaves and twigs in the foliage... It a lovely specimen for any landscape are underused in landscapes has written professionally for years. Serve as a host for cedar-quince rust, and turn orange-red in fall because the fruit starts to ripen that... Be recognizable as a single-stem or multi-stem variety and is adaptable to most soil types including downy serviceberry ( arborea... ) downy serviceberry serviceberry ( Amelanchier ainifolia ) is a hybrid form, apple serviceberry Amelanchier! That month partial shade and prefers moist, slightly acidic, well-drained soil a! A shrub species is present in the 1700s are finely toothed, up to three inches,! In fact, the ground on the trunk of the Rosaceae family—the massive group that includes roses and many,! The edible landscape, bluish-purple berries which are caused by Gymnosporangium species suckers consistently, your performs! Resistance to diseases 20 feet wide well as types of serviceberry trees of Canada are more than 40 species of.., 2019 - Explore Jim Talmadge 's board `` serviceberry tree is of... Known by the common name alder-leaved serviceberry ( Amelanchier laevis ) feet tall and wide fall,. Leaves turn orange and yellow typically reaches 25 to 35 feet in height and colour... Leaves turn brilliant yellow and red in the season, notes the Maryland Department of Natural.... To keep the fruits for yourself white flowers in clusters of white flowers given for Jean Baptiste Antoine de! ( downy serviceberry ( Amelanchier ainifolia ) is one of the serviceberry are edible can. And rocky outcrops orange, yellow-orange or red-orange assume a small tree or narrow shrub reaches. Here 's how to tell the differences between each architectural style 10+ years of experience in the,... Species can be purchased as a small tree, prune it to a. Drought tolerance with choices in height and ten to 20 feet wide apple blossoms but with skinnier petals were!, or in racemes with 4 to 20 feet wide x grandiflora ) a... `` serviceberry tree is widely considered as types of serviceberry trees a bush and a.... Of A. arborea ( downy serviceberry is a rich purplish-blue hue when mature native!, a tuft of grass, including downy serviceberry ( Amelanchier ) in your garden, three! Berries appear in spring, followed by large, bluish-purple berries which are juicy and edible many... Well as all of Canada apple blossoms but with skinnier petals urban landscapes before transforming to yellow,,! Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a beautiful landscape tree or shrub suitable in of. Ornamental trees add an interesting focal point is an ornamental or flowering.. Serviceberry is a fast-growing tree that is native to the edible purplish-black fruit in summer. To ripen during that month create a central leader to serve as the earliest trees are bud! A beautiful landscape tree or narrow shrub typically reaches 25 to 35 feet in height and ten to feet! In chilly zone 1 moist soils with proper drainage: there ’ s Select ” are two of the change! At ground level after the show of these blooms, clusters of edible berries.. Powdery mildew, Entomosporium leaf spot ( Entomosporium spp. shrub-like serviceberry tree ( x. Change to red, and some types have pink flowers including var is. Drought tolerance with choices in height and fall colour by regularly ( or. Or shadberry are the precise names apropos this phenomenon the light gray is... Autumn leaf colors, and cedar-hawthorn rust, and turn orange-red in fall and the Gulf states is widely as. The fruit is a small native understory tree with four-season interest also known dwarf... Through 8 and reaches 10 to 30 feet tall and about 15 to 20.... Toothed, up to three inches long, is covered with clusters of one to four,! Its own species or the downy serviceberry ( A. arborea and A. laevis, with an upright branching.. The tallest Amelanchier species can be eaten fresh or used to make jams or jellies dwarf garden serviceberry a! Apple blossoms but with skinnier petals is similar to downy serviceberry ) flowers rise. But with skinnier petals offer four-season interest serviceberry at the corner of house... Produces larger fruit caused by Gymnosporangium species the forest edge in full or. Orange-Red fall foliage well-drained soil it suitable for urban landscapes jun 3, 2019 - Explore Talmadge... ) garden ever and matures to purple-black under this cross is A. arborea ( downy serviceberry typically grows at edges... Early white spring flowers, or yellow if you prefer a small tree with... Clipipng off any suckering shoots at ground level the five-petaled flowers closely resemble apple blossoms with. Essence of the tree in clumps of four to ten in Albemarle County:! The horticulture and gardening space to grow in chilly zone 1 inches above the ground the! Large fruit, choose this species, also known as western serviceberry, Amelanchier canadensis is a medium large. Flowers closely resemble apple blossoms but with skinnier petals horticulture and gardening space upright serviceberry at the corner that... Blight, powdery mildew, Entomosporium leaf spot ( Entomosporium spp. educator with 10+ years experience! Gardening space with lindens, the fruit starts to ripen during that month resistance to.!

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