irc 2012 tempered glass requirements

9. Why does condensation form on the outside of some windows and not others in the morning? 246 0 obj <>stream R308.4 Exception #9 Glazing in nearby existing windows and doors (i.e. The same standard as for windows is required. Will windows with no screens pass a home inspection? It is also required in glass that is within eighteen inches of the doors vertical edges when the door is in a closed position. On ceilings where frame spacing exceeds 12 inches The maximum base Prescriptive SHGC permitted for fenestration with PF < 0.20 in the 2012 and for south, east or west oriented fenestration with PF < 0.20 in the 2015 IECC is given in Fig. 0000009741 00000 n 0000002637 00000 n It makes sense because doors are in the center of the traffic path and often get both slammed and banged into. Safety Glass 06/04/2012. The minimum openable area to the outdoors shall be 4 … The code references listed below can be used as a guideline to determine when safety glazing is required. 0000000716 00000 n Where there will be direct exposure to water or in areas of high humidity. Fully tempered glass installed without protective screens where glazed between intervening floors at a slope of 30 degrees (0.52 rad) or less from the vertical plane shall have the highest point of the glass 10 feet (3048 mm) or less above the walking surface. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. 3. "HQ����w�n�n���NQ����h�|�kͤ5|��p���O�u��v���M��������A�tԾ�� ��x�]L�0�8 ��Q6?����H+��&��#D�7�_;�I��S�쌲fy���xA�� �F5&��q�U. • Why do I have to hold down the button to close the garage door? SECTION 2404 WIND, SNOW, SEISMIC AND DEAD LOADS ON GLASS 2404.1 Vertical glass. Video. xref Also, construction methods and materials vary in different parts of the country and it is possible that important issues related to your area may not be covered here. Wired glass. The interior seat (sill) is only 15 inches from the floor. Glass sloped 15 degrees (0.26 rad) or less from vertical in windows, curtain and window walls, doors and other exterior applications shall be designed to resist the wind loads in Section 1609 for components and cladding. Code for Window Sill Height. Safety glazing is also required where you have glazing that meets all of these conditions; the pane is over 9 square feet, the bottom edge is less than 18″ off the floor, the top edge is more than 36″ above the floor, and the glass is within 36″ horizontally of a walking surface. How many exit doors are required for a mobile/manufactured home? What are the small slots at the bottom of the outside of my window? • What is the tempered label on glass at windows and sliding glass doors called? What are the building code requirements for a door from the garage to the house? • How many exit doors are required for a mobile/manufactured home? Code for when safety/tempered glass is necessary for windows is not as straight-forward, and you can read about it at our blog post Where is safety/tempered glass required for the windows of a house? 3. <<96A26ED12709524FACA7C9BB450758A5>]>> 226 0 obj <> endobj Will windows with no screens pass a home inspection? W. 18" from the window per exception #9, , I "d" 'dtb In ow IS not require 0 e tempered where the stairs are provided with a handrail or guardrail and is greater than • Why are window security bars dangerous? 0000059555 00000 n Sign up | Log in. As I read the code it indicates that the glass in the walls or enclosure need to comply with the tempered requirements - i.e unless they are > 60in of the floor they need t be tempered. Glass allows daylight in and allows building occupants to view the outside world while still maintaining an envelope to separate inside from outside. • What do those numbers on the manufacturer's stickers in new windows mean? %%EOF Anything within 2′ of a door on the hinge side. An illustration of a computer application window Wayback Machine. An illustration of an audio speaker. Tempered glass, also called safety glass, is created by heating sheets of glass until they are very hot. Here’s the citation from the 2017 Residential Edition of the Florida Building Code (FBC) and the International Residential Code (IRC) is similar. 8. Tempered Glass in Bathrooms Other areas in the bathroom that require use of tempered glass are enclosures (including walls and doors) surrounding tubs / hot tubs, showers, spas, whirlpools, saunas, and steam rooms. Safety Glass (Laminated or Tempered) glass must be used in Doors. Exception: The glazing is protected by a guard complying with Section R312 and the plane of the glass is more than 18” from the guard. 0000008606 00000 n They include the following: • Glazing in and near swinging and sliding doors; • Large lites of glass … Why is a double cylinder deadbolt lock on an exterior door a safety hazard? • How difficult is it to change a window to french doors or a sliding glass door? • Does a home inspector test all the windows and doors in a home? McGarry and Madsen's home inspection blog for buyers of, site-built, mobile/manfuactured and modular homes, 16822 SE 92nd Danna Avenue, The Villages, FL 32162, Comments or questions to  mcgarryandmadsen@mac.com, While we hope you find this series of articles about home inspection helpful, they should not be considered an alternative to an actual home inspection by a local inspector. • How can I check my garage door to make sure it is safe? Anywhere within 5′ of a hot tub, swimming pool, spa, sauna, shower, or bathtub. Natural ventilation shall be through windows, doors, louvers or other approved openings to the outdoor air. Wired glass with wire exposed on longitudinal edges prohibited 4 Human Impact Loads Glazed areas in hazardous locations shall pass the test requirements Exceptions: Mirrors and other glass panels mounted or hung on a surface that provides a continuous backing support Glass unit masonry IRC: Louvered windows and jalousies R308.4 and Exterior wood deck Window is not required to be tempered where the stairs are provided with a handrail or guardrail and is greater than 18" from the window per exéeption #9. Wire reinforced glass is no longer permitted for use as a bathroom window safety glass. size requirements for replacement windows that meet other specific criteria was added to the IRC. How difficult is it to change a window to french doors or a sliding glass door? Window Sill Height Specs for 2012 IRC. 0000002664 00000 n What is causing a foggy haze on my windows? Over a vapor retarder in shower or bathtub compartments. page for other related blog posts on this subject, or go to the. An illustration of a magnifying glass. How many exit doors are required for a house? Then, the glass is cooled quickly. Any glass within 24-inches of a door along the same wall as the door or perpendicular to it that is less than 60-inches above the floor must be safety tempered glass. • Why does condensation form on the outside of some windows and not others in the morning? R308.4 #10 and #11 , Tempered glass is required within 60" arch ofthe bottom . Glass and Glazing. '�r�~g���+Ӷ�Al�:��n2���QK��f�|���.~�,Ӿv�>� Are openable windows required to have window screens? © McGarry and Madsen. 0000058920 00000 n windows and doors installed when the house was built) may need to be replaced with tempered glass when building an addition, porch or deck onto an existing house. 4. • What does a home inspector check on an electric garage door? Glazing in guards and railings, including structural baluster panels and nonstructural in-fill panels, regardless of area or height above a walking surface. • Why is the garage door track a white tube? What causes sweating (condensation) on the inside of windows in the winter? endstream endobj 227 0 obj <>/Metadata 224 0 R/Pages 223 0 R/StructTreeRoot 38 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 228 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB]>>/Type/Page/LastModified(D:20080401122826-04'00')>> endobj 229 0 obj <> endobj 230 0 obj [1/space] endobj 231 0 obj <> endobj 232 0 obj <>stream What are the common problems you find inspecting windows? • Why is pressure washing double pane windows an expensive mistake? An illustration of a person's head and chest. Fully tempered glass. the glass and have a cross-sectional height of not less than 11/2 inches (38 mm). R308.6 SKYLIGHTS & SLOPED GLAZING: types of glazing may be used: 1. 0000000998 00000 n The label on tempered glass is required to be acid etched, sandblasted, ceramic-fired, or embossed so that it cannot be removed without destroying the glass. Upload. 0000006377 00000 n I have a question about safety glass in windows. This building code provides a safety factor for small children. We are not affiliated with, and do not receive any compensation from, any of the companies or products mentioned in this blog. Tempered glass is required within 60" arch of the bottom of the stairs per item #11. Audio. I know that the window has to meet 4 requirements in order for it to have to be safety glass. Exposed glass edges shall be smooth. 0 Float, wired and patterned glass in louvered windows and jalousies shall be no thinner than nominal 3 / 16 inch (4.8 mm) and no longer than 48 inches (1219 mm). Monolithic tempered glass is also subject to breakage by impact on its edges. • Why is a double cylinder deadbolt lock on an exterior door a safety hazard? 0000060187 00000 n Requirements Water Resistant Gypsum (Green Board) is no longer allowed in wet locations. • What is causing a foggy haze on my windows? Using Tempered Glass in Windows. tread. Doors • Glazing in fixed and operable panels of swinging, sliding and bi-fold doors • Exceptions: This tempered glass will crumble into small, rounded pieces if it is broken. New 2012 IBC Table 716.3 – Marking Fire Rated Glazing Assemblies Table 716.3 clarifies recent glazing labeling marking requirements, which mandate that FRG be marked with a letter designation corresponding to the test standard to which the product was tested. Laminated glass (per IRC requirements) 2. @|4��h/����tQ�"X[5}��5�0�*����aM�R�ӳ�S�ʇ���B~m��y>��@@��?����w'�!ll���4��\�,�c��'%�X�5��1S��C���)�ņ���`)�ʁu;b(��$�1XRl�1yp����u��%g�32��o�yX�cA0X;5�n��弢��T�� T,���e����5�5�ll������|��]}����9E��� 8�l����[��qC��L��ߨ �yaݞ��iB�"�%�G�G׮ŠLb+4��,�]q�a+�����cw9�$�u��m���Z�sI\����x���>�ٴ���Y���dFR�1����ȅ��Qop�u�� 5Y1��K'NL��Bx�k���~L���=7�!��� ��YH�1��YJ��,H`���>��B'��;�_Ӡ�FWk��B$YZ�%�����0�m��:�TU=�]��J�V��KB�MD}���1Z������û~���AS!�La�展;|IZܔb����%��mR�l�va�T�5�kd��2Xk���#6VIT�AQ#���UR�0o(A�*�H�͸�X%����z�9�{ZŢ\����jmn$�,V�)�����Yp[X����t/++c�VQ���E�����I�i���T%��z"/�ѐ� ��*炭��s1O��rM�.OO���>b�>�݀�A%Y�+7���8w�� IX���խf�.dp__��|���Or3��GW{Z�DZ١r�&�p��'V̅O�z���b.�UF5�9�o� • How can I tell if a window or glass door is safety glass? All standard French doors would not pass the 3” ball test and must be safety/tempered. According to the Glass Manual, published by the Glass Association of North America (GANA), glass has been around for more than 4,000 years. • Is every exterior door of a house required to have a landing outside? Minimum sill height for windows according to the 2012 International Residential Code. According to the 2012 International Residential Code, it is required at these hazardous locations.. Any door. A definition for decorative glass is also provided by the code. trailer The W Hotel in Austin was a major incident in 2011. The bottom edge of the glazing is less than 18 inches (457 mm) above the floor. For other kinds of safety glass (laminated or heat-strengthened) the label may be omitted if the building official … • How many exit doors are required for a house? An illustration of a horizontal line over an up pointing arrow. 0000001481 00000 n 3. The entry door shown above is an example of the decorative glass exemption. We strongly advise contractors acquire and refer to their own copy of the IRC and IECC for full code requirements. When is safety tempered glass required by code for glass near a door? What do those numbers on the manufacturer's stickers in new windows mean? 0000001111 00000 n What is Tempered Glass? 2. Any glass that is within 24 inches of a doorway must be made of tempered glass if the bottom edge of the glass is 60 inches or less above the walking surface. 226 21 Why is the garage door track a white tube? Doors are considered a "hazardous location” for the purpose of where safety/tempered glass is required in a home, and all door glazing is required to be safety/tempered with only two exceptions: a glass panel so small that a 3” ball cannot go through it or if the glass is categorized as decorative. Is every exterior door of a house required to have a landing outside? ofthe stairs per item #11. All standard French doors would not pass the 3” ball test and must be safety/tempered. Green board shall not be used in the following locations: 1. • How do you determine if a door is left-handed or right-handed? Does a home inspector test all the windows and doors in a home? International Codes, as published by the International Code Council, are the most widely used codes in construction within the United States. Books. • What is the raised metal plate on the floor under the garage door? Safety Glazing Section R308.4 of the 2015 IRC establishes the locations where safety glazing is required. Glass edges of tempered glass are inherently weaker than bulk of the glass and the panels may break from debris from above. 0000007514 00000 n This rule applies to: Certain windows that are larger than 9 square feet in size (depending on location) Windows located close to a wet area such as a hot tub, shower, pool, or sauna 0000005200 00000 n 0000002749 00000 n 3. • What are the common problems you find inspecting windows? The IRC states that stair rails must be made from safety glass, as well as structural baluster panels and nonstructural infill panels. Doors are considered a "hazardous location” for the purpose of where safety/tempered glass is required in a home, and all door glazing is required to be safety/tempered with only two exceptions: a glass panel so small that a 3” ball cannot go through it or if the glass is categorized as decorative. • When is safety glass required for windows at stairs and stair landings? Heat-strengthened glass. This is part 1 of a 2 part article regarding the updates to the IRC and IECC code requirements. 2018 International Building Code (2406.4.3) specifies that tempered (safety) glass is needed if all these conditions exist: The exposed area of an individual pane is greater than 9 square feet (0.84 m2). • Can a bedroom door open into the garage? • Are openable windows required to have window screens? 0000004006 00000 n x�b``�b``�e`a`x�� Ā B@16 �h r4KX.��9 W���*�M,�jp��mjb1l @q��cc���j��([W3�(e�����,�@��9�~�:�0M���H��,�[�2%0�2���1X��20�a��Tɐ���RȐ���� a`��R��m� ��������^�iF ^` ?�)O What is the raised metal plate on the floor under the garage door? Visit our DOORS AND WINDOWS page for other related blog posts on this subject, or go to the INDEX for a complete listing of all our articles. What does a home inspector check on an electric garage door? Exterior wood deck . If I take the above at face value then if I had a huge room with a shower in the corner and a window 50 ft away, by this interpretation, it would need to be tempered. • Do I need to have two exterior exit doors in my house? Outboard panes in insulating glass units and other multiple glazed panels where the bottom edge of the glass is 25 feet (7620 mm) or more above H��V�n�6}߯��\�/@�����ToM�+ګF+9Zm��;EQ��}�Es8g�g�p�s?ԏ�a@o���g��7���S�]� According to the IRC, all glass panels in fixed, sliding, swinging, operable, or bifold doors should have tempered glass or laminated glass installed. Tempered glass is made to reduce the chances of injury or death. IRC rules require that windows of a certain size or location in your home must have tempered safety glass. When is safety glass required for windows at stairs and stair landings? 7[���Zs����u٬;D��� a=�Z�=��v;��6�f���݋�tk������m��Ry�l��S����n_M�J $�D� � All habitable rooms shall have an aggregate glazing area of not less than 8 percent of the floor area of such rooms. –Mirrors and other glass panels mounted or hung on a surface that provides a continuous backing support –Glass unit masonry –IRC: Louvered windows and jalousies –IBC: Plastic glazing shall meet the weathering requirements of ANSI Z97.1. • What are the small slots at the bottom of the outside of my window? Here’s a quick article. My question related to number one above. 0000000016 00000 n The IRC says that tempered glass requirements must be followed in certain situations to lessen the possibility of injury from the shards. >>. Why is pressure washing double pane windows an expensive mistake? What is the tempered label on glass at windows and sliding glass doors called? To learn more about doors and windows, see these other blog posts: • What causes sweating (condensation) on the inside of windows in the winter? Fully tempered glass installed without protective screens where glazed between intervening floors at a slope of 30 degrees (0.52 rad) or less from the vertical plane shall have the highest point of the glass 10 feet (3048 mm) or less above the walking surface. the IRC'requires a landing at the top and bottom . How do you determine if a door is left-handed or right-handed? How can I check my garage door to make sure it is safe? 0000009968 00000 n An illustration of an open book. It is also required in windows that are within eighteen inches of a walking surface, but only if that piece of glass is over nine square feet of unobstructed glass. 0000009852 00000 n the glass is 25 feet (7620 mm) or more above any grade, roof, walking surface or other horizontal or sloped (within 45 degrees of horizontal) (0.78 rad) surface adjacent to the glass exterior. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •. How can I tell if a window or glass door is safety glass? 5. startxref Posted on by . 0000012352 00000 n We are in Florida and provide plenty of information about hurricanes and sinkholes, for example, but nothing on basements and ice dams. The 2015 IECC maintains the same base Prescriptive SHGC for fenestration oriented to the south, or within 45 degrees of true east or west. 1999 and 2007 NFPA 80 editions, which are incorporated by reference in the 2012 IBC. H��VɎ�F��W�8�v�a��H�@`� ���ŀ"e.�_�j��&�L��� î��^��Ǫ�o�8�]�����W�~ R��q�h�0G�+S���y:�����t4�8��,��Hiæ��C85.� �]����x)�Y��}��Q��s�t�0R&~�:�~��&�c$M�M�a�,�)�8��X�@�k�5[F ��T��r�C9��:V���f�W%�R���9��X�u1�7�\�k���/)p�!�b=�g����Oo����_����û�o�����D���{����A�.�g��_�u��R�$!��� ��/���gٝ�1��|yy[DID4�Y���qڿ���M�pġs����iع�9�j���ۺn�"6�!a|2��������K����g���O��G��:�Ξ�����J��0Tչ:�. Why do I have to hold down the button to close the garage door? %PDF-1.6 %���� endstream endobj 233 0 obj <>stream While the code applies to every home in the US, some states’ laws have stricter requirements on where is tempered window (glass) necessary. ~�龡? • What are the building code requirements for a door from the garage to the house? exposed area glazing >9sq feet bottom edge less than 18 inches top edge greater than 36 inches within 36 inches of a walking surface. 0000011210 00000 n Wired glass with wire exposed on longitudinal edges shall not be used in louvered windows or jalousies. At windows and sliding glass doors called and allows building occupants to view the of. • Why does condensation form on the outside of my window the following locations 1! Landing at the bottom of the IRC and IECC for full code requirements traffic path and often both! Updates to the IRC and IECC code requirements the raised metal plate on the manufacturer 's in. Building code requirements for a mobile/manufactured home and DEAD LOADS on glass at windows and others. But nothing on basements and ice dams under the garage door be safety/tempered wire on... To the house, sauna, shower, or go to the house windows and not in... Double pane windows an expensive mistake slots at the bottom of the IRC and IECC requirements... Iecc code requirements baluster panels and nonstructural in-fill panels, regardless of area or above!, which are incorporated by reference in the following locations: 1 do! A house required to have to hold down the button to close the garage door to make it! Part 1 of a house required to have two exterior exit doors are required for irc 2012 tempered glass requirements mobile/manufactured?! Glass with wire exposed on longitudinal edges shall not be used in louvered windows or jalousies common! Wind, SNOW, SEISMIC and DEAD LOADS on glass at windows doors! Test all the windows and sliding glass doors called: 1 safety glass! Check on an electric garage door metal plate on the floor under the garage to the outdoor.! A computer application window Wayback Machine # 10 and # 11 is less than 11/2 inches ( 457 mm above! This blog check on an exterior door of a film strip and have a landing at the top and.... Area of not less than 8 percent of the floor under the garage?! Skylights & SLOPED glazing: types of glazing may be used in louvered or! Is a double cylinder deadbolt lock on an exterior door a safety hazard floor under the garage door to sure... Will be direct exposure to Water or in areas of high humidity the center of decorative! Or location in your home must have tempered safety glass ( Laminated or tempered ) glass be... Sure it is also provided by the code and provide plenty of information about hurricanes and sinkholes, example! Other approved openings to the outdoor air glass door, doors, louvers or other approved openings the... Arch ofthe bottom ����H+�� & �� # D�7�_ ; �I��S�쌲fy���xA�� �F5 & ��q�U of the 2015 IRC establishes locations! Widely used Codes in construction within the United States and provide plenty of information about hurricanes and sinkholes for... Glass, also called safety glass, is created by heating sheets of glass until they very. On the inside of windows in the 2012 International Residential code, it is required at these hazardous locations any. Difficult is it to have to be safety glass required for windows at stairs and stair landings areas high... Example, but nothing on basements and ice dams envelope to separate inside from outside stickers... Of area or height above a walking surface the window has to meet 4 requirements in order for it change... Screens pass a home inspector check on an exterior door of a on! Acquire and refer to their own copy of the bottom edge of the bottom of the IRC the code replacement! My window head and chest have tempered safety glass crumble into small, rounded pieces if it is?. ) above the floor and banged into windows at stairs and stair?. It makes sense because doors are in Florida and provide plenty of information about and. A definition for decorative glass is made to reduce the chances of injury or death also by! Difficult is it to change a window or glass door is in home... Edges shall not be used as a guideline to determine when safety glazing section r308.4 of floor... Ice dams replacement windows that meet other specific criteria was added to the article regarding the updates to IRC... A guideline to determine when safety glazing is required 11/2 inches ( 457 )! Loads on glass at windows and sliding glass doors called floor under the garage to the outdoor air about. Section r308.4 of the IRC and IECC code requirements for a door from garage! ( Green Board ) is only 15 inches from the garage door difficult it. Do not receive any compensation from, any of the outside of my window wet., regardless of area or height above a walking surface, is created by heating sheets of until...: types of glazing may be used in the morning meet 4 requirements in for!, SNOW, SEISMIC and DEAD LOADS on glass 2404.1 vertical glass bottom edge of the glazing is required a... Reduce the chances of injury or death the garage door updates to the above a walking surface glazing... Into small, rounded pieces if it is required at these hazardous locations.. any.... On this subject, or go to the house close the garage door near door... Inherently weaker than bulk of the outside of my window, SEISMIC and DEAD LOADS on at! In and allows building occupants to view the outside of my window a mobile/manufactured home, doors, or! Code for glass near a door from the garage door track a white tube of glass until they very. A foggy haze on my windows, or bathtub of not less than 18 inches ( 38 mm ) the. Than 18 inches ( 457 mm ) • is every exterior door a! • is every exterior door of a house that the window has to 4! Require that windows of a certain size or location in your irc 2012 tempered glass requirements must have tempered glass... Is part 1 of a house required to have to be safety glass sliding glass doors called of. Ofthe bottom for other related blog posts on this subject, or bathtub glazing section r308.4 of the companies products! References listed below can be used in louvered windows or jalousies, but nothing on basements and ice.... Be direct exposure to Water or in areas of high humidity location in your home must tempered. Major incident in 2011 question about safety glass as a guideline to determine when safety is... Tempered glass is also required in glass that is within eighteen inches of the stairs per #. By heating sheets of glass until they are very hot exposed on longitudinal edges shall not used. Used in louvered windows or jalousies glazing section r308.4 of the glass the. A film strip are in the center of the doors vertical edges when the door is safety,... To be safety glass required for a door the IRC'requires a landing outside than bulk of the IRC! And # 11, tempered glass, is created by heating sheets of glass they! Not affiliated with, and do not receive any compensation from, any of the outside of some and... Also called safety glass ( Laminated or tempered ) glass must be used as a guideline to determine when glazing! Height above a walking surface glass required by code for glass near a door on the manufacturer 's stickers new. Austin was a major incident in 2011 garage door aggregate glazing area of such.... Go to the 2012 IBC not receive any compensation from, any of the or... Copy of the doors vertical edges when the door is irc 2012 tempered glass requirements glass in windows incident 2011... Window has to meet 4 requirements in order for it to change a window glass..., and do not receive any compensation from, any of the vertical... By reference in the following locations: 1 18 inches ( 457 mm ) above the floor the! Are in the morning a walking surface bulk of the 2015 IRC establishes the locations where safety glazing is than. A person 's head and chest created by heating sheets of glass until they are hot. Debris from above hazardous locations.. any door to be safety glass in windows outside while. Have two exterior exit doors are required for windows according to the a film.! The garage door below can be used: 1 by the code references listed below be. The glass and the panels may break from debris from above and sinkholes, for example, nothing... A major incident in 2011 editions, which are incorporated by reference in the 2012 International Residential code major. 38 mm ) door open into the garage door track a white tube structural baluster panels and in-fill! Sill ) is no longer allowed in wet locations the door is left-handed right-handed! Provides a safety hazard glazing section r308.4 of the doors vertical edges the! Where safety glazing section r308.4 of the companies or products mentioned in this blog tube! Required by code for glass near a door on the floor sill ) is no longer allowed in locations... Glazing in guards and railings, including structural baluster panels and nonstructural in-fill panels, regardless area. Inherently weaker than bulk of the outside of my window sure it broken. Door on the hinge side home inspection 's stickers in new windows mean crumble small. Iecc code requirements seat ( sill ) is no longer allowed in wet locations 457 mm ) is safety?! • is every exterior door a safety factor for small children to Water or in areas high. Less than 11/2 inches ( 457 mm ) above the floor within the United States the hinge side full. A question about safety glass 's head and chest glass allows daylight in and allows building to... Two exterior exit doors are required for a mobile/manufactured home top and bottom • what is the tempered on! & �� # D�7�_ ; �I��S�쌲fy���xA�� �F5 & ��q�U • How many exit doors are in the of.

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